The World Bank warned Bangkok who's facing a high risk of natural disaster, especially massive flooding that could cause huge economic losses.

It suggested that the policy-makers should make three preparations to deal with disasters: optimize the effectiveness of the 350 billion Baht Water Management budget; ensure cooperation among agencies assigned to analyze and study legal aspects of disaster issues; and develop city plans that minimize disaster risks from urban expansion.

The Thai Government was praised for its quick and effective resolution of the flood disaster in 2011. The major cities in Thailand including Bangkok faced increasing risk of disasters as they lacked good urban planning. This has the potential to cause huge economic losses despite the strong growth the region currently enjoys. There is uneven capacity and readiness to invest in disaster risk management (DRM) among the countries of East Asia and the Pacific. Many countries in East Asia and the Pacific have made advances in DRM at the national level in formulating legislation and strategies, but implementation remains a challenge. Local-level institutions lack the appropriate budgets, human resources, and technical capacity in their role as first responders and leaders in mainstreaming resilience into local-level investments, according to the World Bank reports.

In the past five years, Asia has experienced a large share of wide-scale natural catastrophes, including floods in 2011 in Cambodia, Thailand and the Philippines. The year 2011 was the costliest on record for natural disasters with cascading effects. Growth of assets and population in harm's way is the single largest driver of disaster risk.

Losses have not been attributed to natural or man-made climate change. Unplanned or poorly planned rapid urbanisation creates highly vulnerable communities, particularly through informal settlements and inadequate land management.