A long-term care service development for the elderly is a project cooperated by both countries, Thailand and Japan.

The Thai Public Health Ministry said that the plan will cover 6 pilot provinces that will continue for 5 years. According to their studies, Thailand has become the fastest ageing society in Asia. The Government is planning to increase the child birth rate to build a balanced population. And on a survey in 2011, there are 9 million or 12 percent elderly people of the total population.

The 6 pilot provinces where the Thai-Japanese project will be carried out are Khon Kaen, Chiang Rai, Surat Thani, Nonthaburi, Nakhon Ratchasima and Bangkok. Under the joint scheme, the health service and the welfare system will be integrated and developed for the elderly to improve their quality of life with their families and communities.